Category Archives: Uncategorized

Flashlight Night


Flashlight Night was published in 2017. It was written by Matt Forrest Esenwine and illustrated by Fred Koehler. The book is about young children who have adventures at night with the use of a flashlight. Although they are playing outside in a treehouse, they pretend to be in more exotic places, and in the dark their imaginations can run wild.


The illustrations are what attracted me to this story. Part of each page is dark where the boy is holding the flashlight, and the rest of the page is illuminated by the beam and shows the fantastical adventure the children are having.


They explore a jungle, a pirate ship, an ancient Egyptian tomb, and other magical places filled with new things to explore. Every inch of the page is covered with detailed artwork. Each page is mostly dark and neutral colors, and the illustrations and text work well with the dark and mysterious tone. The story beautifully blurs the line between fantasy and reality, and highlights a child’s vivid imagination.


The writing of the story is in the form of a poem, and rhyming couplets are used. The repetitive rhythm adds to the mythical theme of the story, and immerses the reader in the adventure. Because the story is written as a poem, many of the details that are found in the pictures are not mentioned in the writing itself. The illustrations are essential to the understanding of the story. The writing style, pictures, and tone work together to make the story fun to read and explore.

Teresa Heckman


Z is for Moose


Z is for Moose is the creative work of author Kelly Bingham and Caldecott-winning illustrator Paul Zelinsky. This unconventional alphabet book brings a unique twist to the classic format with the addition of a fun-loving moose and a serious zebra. The confused moose attempts to insert himself on all the wrong pages while the zebra pushes him along through the alphabet.


The poor moose is in for quite a surprise when he finally reaches the page with “M” only to find that the zebra has filled his spot with a mouse.


Sorely disappointed, he makes his way through the rest of the alphabet, crying all the way. Realizing he has made a mistake, the zebra invites the moose to be a part of his own page, making it read,”Z is for Zebra’s friend, Moose.”


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Paul Zelinsky has done it again with colorful and engaging illustrations that make this book memorable and original. Perhaps the best part of this book, however, is its ability to appeal to a wide variety of ages. Because it is an alphabet book, it inherently appeals to toddlers learning their letters, but it also has the power to entertain older children with its humor and surprises. I would recommend this book as a fun family read, where siblings of different ages can all enjoy.

Anna Schellhorn

Big Words For Little Geniuses

Big Words For Little Geniuses

Big Words For Little Geniuses is a children’s picture book, written by Susan and James Patterson, illustrated by Hsingping Pan, and published this year by Little, Brown and Company.  And yes, the James Patterson who cowrote this children’s book is the same famous adult novel author James Patterson that holds the Guiness World Record for the most #1 New York Times best-sellers.  James wrote this book with his wife, Susan Solie Patterson; this is the first book they have written together.

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This informational children’s book takes young readers on a journey through every letter in the alphabet.  Each page is dedicated to defining, explaining, and illustrating a high-level vocabulary word in a fun and relatable way for children.  It is like a dictionary for kids.  Although, it is notable that the definitions the Pattersons give for each new “big word” are not the kinds of definitions one usually finds in a dictionary.  These definitions explain the meanings of these words in ways that a young mind can easily connect to and comprehend.

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The book is also quite humorous with its explanations and illustrations, creating a more engaging and fun learning experience for the reader.  The pronunciation of each word is also included, so the reader can attempt to read aloud each word if they want to.

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The illustrations are very unique; they are very bright and colorful, and many of the shapes are round and smooth.  There is also a kind of hodge-podge sentiment in the illustrations, as some of the different parts appear to have different textures or to be made from different materials.

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The book even includes a list of more “fun to say” words on the last page, for teachers, caregivers, and children to have the opportunity to explore even more big words.

Overall, I think this is a wonderful book that really attempts to encourage young readers to get excited about reading and learning new words.  It is important to expose children to a variety of vocabulary, and this does a fantastic job of introducing upper-level words in a fun and playful setting.

Thanks James Patterson, for bringing your talent over into the world of children’s literature, and for encouraging young children to become young readers!

Casey Quinn



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The inspiration for the text and illustrations in Levi Pinfold’s Greenling was, the book jacket tells us, “a chili plant growing through a crack in the concrete of his back step.” This 2015 book successfully captures those wondrous and innocent abilities of the organic: to both permeate its surroundings and to change hearts. Although the book has a wide lexical and moral scope, there is much for children of all ages to explore.

The book takes on the tone of a fable as it follows an elderly farming couple named Mr. and Mrs. Barleycorn and their moral understandings of nature. Mr. Barleycorn first discovers a curious, opalescent flower bud at the entrance to a water drainage pipe, and upon finding a roly-poly green baby inside, takes it home to his wife.

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Mrs. Barleycorn is most displeased with the child, saying, “It belongs to the wild, then, and back to the land it should go.” She is preoccupied with the impediments to her daily life: when apple trees sprout in her living room, she is concerned with her television; when they invade the car, she worries about going shopping.  The pages of her distrust are some of the most colorful in the book, as the natural color palette of soft greens, beiges, and light rose tints takes on the hues of bright yellow sunflowers and deep purple foxglove.

It is only when the climax of the story occurs, and a new edge of the conflict is unfolded, that Mrs. Barelycorn’s heart begins to change. “The boy is just strange, not bad … we should welcome this Greenling into our house, we’ve been living in his all along!” cries the woman. Once she has this revelation, the Greenling casts a “spell” on the land, causing it to flourish with vegetation.


The high-level diction and elevated syntax, both here and throughout the book, necessitate inference. When the Greenling casts his spell, for example, he is “suddenly flowering with all the attention,” an unusual combination of biology, embarrassment, and beauty. With the line, “An old magic word, ling since forgotten, casts an old spell for weeks,” young children might be preoccupied with the idea of a spell and magic, losing the main thread of nature in favor of thinking of the Greenling as a witch or wizard. “You’re beginning to buzz like a drone,” presents a rare word that children might associate with electronics, and other words like “cuisine,” and “hurled,” are given few context clues. For these reasons, younger children might enjoy doing a “picture walk” through the book, reveling in its natural color palette and intricate mixed-media illustrations. Indicating facial expressions, changes in scenery, or posing high-level and open-ended questions could help early primary children to understand the content of the book. Older children could then parse through the short, poetic stanzas and their interpretations in more depth.

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The moral of the story could be interpreted as an environmentalist, vegetarian, or even just as kindness. The final page includes reference to the coming spring, implying that the Greenling was the catalyst for the seasons; this explanation of natural phenomena ties together the mythic tones. With the many layers of meaning in the text and images, children of every age can surely find hours of fascination in the artistry of the book. 


Olivia Rastatter


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Many: The Diversity of Life on Earth by Nicola Davies and illustrated by Emily Sutton is a phenomenal informational picture book about living things on our planet. The story is told from the perspective of a little girl learning about the world around her and strives to explain the differences between species, relationships between species, habitats, and the importance of taking care of our planet to protect our natural diversity. The book is filled with vivid, watercolor pictures accompanied by succinct text and additional facts that draw upon higher-level thinking.

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The endpapers helpfully introduce some of the species that will be discussed in the book and are detailed enough to spend much time on themselves. The wraparound cover features a picture of a hot air balloon, which comes up later in the book as the girl is traveling and exploring. This also previews how many species are on Earth and introduces the fact that species are continuing to be discovered.

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The book teaches about organisms big and small and emphasizes that even though something cannot be seen, it can still be a living thing. This page shows an example of the main text, which is large, and then small italicized text, which includes supplemental facts. These facts involve higher level concepts and therefore might be more helpful when teaching to older students. They also include field specific and academic vocabulary. Things like microbes can seem kind of boring when taught, but the use of bright colors, fun shapes, and an interested character helps to make this subject engaging and cool!

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The page above shows the strategic detail of the illustrations in a sort of spot-the-difference type spread. This page explains that though species may look alike, they might not be the same, and though creatures may appear different, they might actually be the same! This is a difficult concept to explain and grasp, and this page does a beautiful job of illustrating this strange phenomenon.

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This page discusses many crazy creatures, and some of them have their scientific name included. There are some familiar creatures and some creatures that are strange and foreign. The creatures come from all different habitats, and the texts reiterates that new species continue to be discovered.

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This page includes clear, colorful diagrams explaining different aspects of creatures’ livelihoods and habitats. The first pictures are a good introduction to the concept of a food chain, another way this book could be helpful as an introduction or as a supplement within the classroom.

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Finally, this book covers the devastating topics of overfishing, deforestation, and overall anthropogenic abuse of our planet and all of its living things. This topic is not often addressed very early in school, but this book allows for the conversation to begin by showing readers the realities of human impact on the world. A follow up discussion could include ways to protect species and our planet.

Overall, this book is chock full of interesting and necessary information about the world around us. It can be easily used as a helpful teaching tool in science, but it’s many illustrations make it fun to read recreationally as well. It is sometimes difficult to get children interested in science topics like this book covers, and this book employs successful methods of detailed, bright illustrations, concise text, and separated additional facts to engage readers.

Rachel Platt

Emily Gravett’s The Rabbit Problem

Emily Gravett’s The Rabbit Problem

Emily Gravett’s playful representation of the Fibonacci sequence in her children’s book The Rabbit Problem, is known for its unique use of media and style to illustrate the story.   This book is a deserving winner of the Kate Greenaway Medal, for its creativity of the ilustrations that become the backbone of the entire story.  Emily Gravett truly makes the most of every single page of this book.  Even the cover page, title page, and copy right pages are illustrated, with great detail, to contribute to the story and keep the story world alive.

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Even on the first end page, before the story even begins, there Emily Gravett includes this double page spread illustration that wonderfully functions as a prologue to the book.  The subject of the story is introduced on the chalkboard, while a drawing on the chalkboard comes to life.  The coming-to-life rabbit drawing appears to be looking at the calendar on the wall, which is where the story begins…

The basis of the story is a twelve month calendar that includes illustrations of the “rabbit world” on the top page, and a monthly calendar including relevant, engaging, and interactive bits of information that are added on the bottom page.  In order to read the book, and to enter the rabbits’ world told through the media of a calendar, the reader is required to turn the book on its side; the left page becomes the top page, and the right the bottom.

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As you can see in this page that depicts the calendar page for the month of May, the calendar theme becomes the foundation of the story as a whole.  It keeps the story moving at a consistent and comprehensive pace.  The top page is an illustration of “The Hungry Rabbit Problem” where the rabbits appear to be tearing apart the edges of the page in their search for food.  On the top page, there are hand written notes, an interactive ration book, and an order form-which acts as foreshadowing for the months and problems to follow.
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I have included a close up picture of the open-able pages of the ration book on this page, to demonstrate the incredible creativity and attention to detail that goes into every single page of this book.  The unimaginable time and effort that was clearly put into the illustrations and visual aspects of this book are what really stood out to me.  As a child, I would have loved the interactivity and the playfulness of the book, but as an a adult, I feel that I am able to fully appreciate the hard work and thought that was exerted to create this book.

Each month poses a new problem for the growing rabbit population to overcome.  Not only does the rabbit population grow according to the number of rabbits depicted in the illustrations, but also in the tiny population sign in the background of every illustration that increases in number, according to the Fibonacci sequence.  The problems for the rabbits evolve each month, as they often relate to eachother in a cause and effect type of relationship.  For example, the rabbit problem for the month of September is “too many carrots, causing the problem for the following month of October to be the “overweight rabbit” problem.

Depending on the age and developmental cognition of the child, this book can be used to demonstrate and teach various different lessons, concepts, and discussions.  For a younger audience, the concept of a calendar, of different seasons and times of year, and of basic cause and effect relationships can be taught using this book.  For upper elementary and middle aged students, this book can be used to demonstrate variety in book style, importance of detail, more complex and overarching themes of cause and effect, population growth, and the mathematical Fibonacci sequence.

I would recommend this book, more specifically to elementary school teachers, but also to anyone that wants to read a really cool childrens book!  I really enjoyed taking my time to look through each page, discovering the little details in the illustrations and extras that add to the visual representation quality of the story.  I had such a refreshingly exciting and engaging experience reading this book, and I believe that any child, adult, or caregiver will too.

Casey Quinn

Town Is by the Sea


Town is by the Sea, written by Joanne Schwartz and illustrated by Sydney Smith, is the story of a young boy’s normal day in his house by the sea. It weaves the story of his day along with his constant thoughts about his father who works in a coal mine underneath the sea.

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The story starts out telling the reader that from his house you can see the sea. It then shows the order of steps to get from the house to the sea, and the town spread out around it. We learn that his father works deep down in a coal mine under the sea.

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The story then drifts back into the daily routine of the little boy, from the moment he wakes up and hears the sounds in the world around him, and sees the flowers rustling in the wind. His thoughts then drift towards the sea and how he knows his father is working there digging for coal

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He then goes out to play in the playground with his neighbor, and as they are swinging he goes up so high that he can see far out at the sea, and once again his thoughts drift to think about the white tips of the waves, and how his father is hard at work underneath them.

The young boy heads home for lunch that his mother has made him and then she sends him into town on an errand to pick up things from the store. On the way, back he comments on how it is really sunny today, and that the sea is sparkling and once again his father is working underneath it.

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In the afternoon, the young boy goes to visit his grandfather’s grave, who was also a miner. He comments that his grandfather used to say to him that he wants to be buried by the sea because he worked long and hard underground. The boy then comments that the sea is calm and quiet today and deep down under that sea his father is hard at work.

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His father finally comes home from work at dinner time, and is tired and marked up with dark smudges from the coal. He gives the young boy a big hug and smile. His mother is preparing dinner, and his father goes to take a shower while the young boy listens to the ball game while setting the table. After dinner, the parents go to drink tea on the porch as the young boy comments on the sun setting sinking into the sea. As they are all snuggled together on the porch, he comments again on how deep down under the sea is where his father works.

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As the young boy drifts off to sleep he can hear the sound of the waves and thinks about the sea and his father. He thinks about the summer days, and that one day it will be his turn work like his father. He closes the story by saying he is a miner’s son and that in this town that’s the way it goes.

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-Jamie Williams